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Folkstyle Wrestling is the form of Wrestling that is practiced mostly in American High Schools and Colleges. It is also known as Collegiate wrestling. Collegiate wrestling emerged from the folk wrestling styles practiced in the early history of the United States.
The object of Folkstyle Wrestling is to pin your opponent. Folkstyle scoring focuses mainly on changes in control. Taking an opponent down to the mat, escaping from or reversing control, or turning an opponent's back to the mat are all scoring situations.
Team Georgia USA Wrestling provides opportunities for wrestlers from as young as 4 up thru College ages can compete in the events.
Wrestlers will compete in standard Age & Weight Divisions. Typically the age groups are 6U (6 and under), 8U, 10U, 12U, 14U, Cadet(15&16), Junior(High School grades based), University & Open. In addition there may also be Girls brackets available. A wrestler must weigh in less than the weight class they register for or they will not be able to compete.
The Team Georgia Folkstyle Season runs from September thru early March. These events are open to any wrestler from any state to participate.
Pre-Season Events- (September thru November) Open to all wrestlers
Regular Season Events- (November thru March) Open to all Youth Wrestlers age 4-14 not in High School
The start of Team Georgia Regular Season always coincides with the start of the Georgia High School Association (GHSA) official start of competition date. The differences in the seasons is only who is eligible to participate. Once the GHSA official season begins, wrestlers older than 14 or enrolled in High School (9th-12 grade) are not eligible to participate in the Team Georgia Regular Season events.
Youth Wrestlers (age 4-14 and not enrolled in High School) can participate in both Pre-Season and Regular Season events. Regular Season events consist of the following types of events; Open, Beginners and Duals.
Open Events- Open events are open to wrestlers with any experience levels.
Novice Events- Youth wrestlers with less than 2 yrs experience can participate
Duals Events- Elementary and Middle school wrestlers may have the opportunity to compete with their Club/Scholastic Teams or Training Center Team in Duals Events.
The Folkstyle season is capped off with the Team Georgia Folkstyle Championship events. These events are for Georgia State residents ONLY. Wrestlers from other states are not authorized to participate in these events.
FOLKSTYLE WRESTLING - A combative sport where one wrestler tries to physically control the opponent against their will without injuring them.
PHYSICAL CONTROL - To get behind the opponent's back and arms, force them down to the mat, turn them over onto their back, and pin them. To take the opponent directly from their feet to their back without getting behind them, and pin them. To counter the opponent's moves to stay in the control position.
MATCH OR BOUT - When two wrestlers wrestle each other. Both wrestlers must weigh within one weight class of each other. You win a match by pinning your opponent, by scoring more match points than your opponent, or by disqualification if your opponent breaks certain rules.
A MATCH in high school consists of three two-minute periods. The first period begins in neutral position with both wrestlers on their feet and facing each other. The second period begins with one wrestler choosing top, bottom, neutral, or deferring choice until the third period. The third period begins with the other wrestler choosing top, bottom, or neutral position.
POSITIONS - Most sports have two scoring positions - offense and defense.
OFFENSIVE POSITION - ON TOP - IN CONTROL - THE BEST POSITION - The wrestler who is on top of and/or behind the opponent and is physically controlling them. Also, the wrestler on top in the referee's starting position. The offensive wrestler will try to physically break down the opponent and turn the opponent's back toward the mat (45 degree angle or less) to score near fall points or to gain a fall. Only the offensive wrestler can score a 2, 3, or 4 point near fall.
NEUTRAL POSITION - ON THE FEET - NO CONTROL - THE NEXT BEST POSITION - When neither wrestler has control over the other and they are both on their feet or knees and facing each other. Each neutral wrestler will try to "break balance" on the other and take them down to the mat. Only the neutral wrestler can score a 2 point takedown.
DEFENSIVE POSITION - ON THE BOTTOM - BEING CONTROLLED - THE WORST POSITION - The wrestler who is underneath and is being physically controlled. Also the wrestler on the bottom in the referee's starting position. The defensive wrestler will try to get out of the top wrestler's control by escaping from or reversing the offensive wrestler. Only the defensive wrestler can score a 1 point escape or a 2 point reversal. Strategy-wise, most wrestlers will choose "down" when it's their choice of position because they feel it is easier to score an escape or reversal from this "worst position", than a takedown from neutral or a near fall from on top.
MATCH STOPPED - If the wrestlers have their match stopped by the referee's whistle, the referee will return them to the center of the mat and start them wrestling again in the same neutral, top, or bottom position that they were in when the match was stopped. For example: out-of-bounds, stalemate, potentially dangerous, penalty, injury, coach's conference, or no action on the edge of the mat.
STALEMATE - The referee can stop the match when both wrestlers are in a situation where neither wrestler can improve their position.
POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS - The referee can stop the match in situations where one wrestler might become injured by a legal or illegal hold before the injury occurs. Safety is considered more important than scoring and the match can continue.
REFEREE'S POSITION - A starting position in the center of the mat where the defensive wrestler puts their knees down on one side of one parallel line and hands down on the other side of the other parallel line. Once set, they must remain still until the referee blows the start whistle, or they can be cautioned for moving too soon.
MATCH POINTS - Points scored during a match. There are eight basic ways to score match points in high school.